Git Commands I’ve Been Using

I’ve a lot of experience as a software developer using centralized version control systems like Subversion, Team Foundation, and SourceSafe. For the past month and a half I’ve been using Git, a distributed version control system for my side projects (in conjunction with BitBucket and possible GitHub as remote repositories).

I’ve been using the excellent Getting Git Right tutorial by Atlasssian to get started. This post is a record of the Git commands I’ve been using at the command line on a regular basis, which I’ll update at regular intervals (I want to learn at the command line first before using a GUI to hide the complexity).

git init
git clone

git status
git log

git add
git commit
git commit --amend // Brings up editor to amend last commit message
git commit -m <message // Wipe out last commit message; replace with new

git branch // lists all branches in repo
git branch <branch> // creates new branch
git branch -d <branch> // deletes branch

git checkout <branch> // switches to new branch
git checkout <hash> // checkout a previous commit, preserves subsequent commits though (bit.ly/1J8RaqV)

git push
git push <remote> <branch> // pushes local branch to remote repo
git remote
git push --force <remote> <branch> // forces push of remote branch

git stash
git stash list
git stash apply

I also figured out how to push a local git repository to Bitbucket at the command line (prior to this I created repos in Bitbucket and pulled them down to my local machine).

Again the Atlasssian web site was extremely helpful, I found several good pages on how to import code from an existing project, using the SSH protocol with Bitbucket, setting up SSH for Git and Mercurial, and rectifying SSH Authenticity errors.

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